Decoding the Cold War is no small task given its deep-rooted intricacies, enduring political strategies, and far-reaching historical impact. The period between 1945 to 1991, also known as the Cold War era, marked a time of intense geopolitical and ideological wrestle between two superpowers – the United States and Soviet Union, each aiming to spread its influence around the globe.

Understanding the political strategies during the Cold War requires the knowledge of the ideological differences that fueled the conflict. The U.S. promoted capitalism and democracy while the Soviet Union championed communism. These contrasting views promoted a battle of ideologies, without direct warfare, resonating through various political maneuvers spearheaded by both sides.

One of the most evident political strategies deployed by both superpowers was the establishment of military alliances. The U.S. led the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), creating a safety net of capitalist and democratic nations against the perceived threat of communist expansion. On the other side of the spectrum, the Soviet Union came up with the Warsaw Pact to boost its military influence and consolidate communist bloc in Eastern Europe.

Another vital political strategy was the propagation of ideology through a global chessboard of proxy wars and espionage. The Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the invasions of Afghanistan were instances where the two superpowers supported opposing sides in regional conflicts, avoiding direct engagement. Moreover, intelligence agencies, such as America’s Central Intelligence Agency and the Soviet KGB, played pivotal roles in espionage and counter-espionage efforts.

The Cold War further saw a technology and space race with both hemispheres expecting to prove their technological superiority. The launch of the Soviet satellite Sputnik in 1957 marked the beginning of the space race. The U.S. answer? Landing a man on the moon in 1969.

The political strategies adopted during the Cold War had significant historical impact. The competition for global influence accelerated decolonization with many colonies acquiring independence while aligning with one superpower or the other. Moreover, it led to swift technological advancements, most notably in space exploration, nuclear energy, and computing.

Besides, the Cold War significantly influenced the world’s geopolitical structure, leading to a bipolar world order that, following the fall of the Soviet Union, transitioned into American unipolarity. The post-Cold War environment saw the rise of new political and economic configurations like the European Union, and new challenges like Islamic extremism and the resurgence of an assertive Russia.

In conclusion, the Cold War was more than just a standoff between two superpowers. It was a global contest, a demonstration of political dexterity and ideological conviction that invariably shaped the world we see today. It is a testament to the enduring impact of political strategies on our collective history and a reminder of the multi-layered complexity inherent in global affairs. Recognizing this helps us better understand patterns of international relations and the continuous evolution of strategic geopolitics.