Quantum physics, also known as quantum mechanics, is one of the fundamental theories of physics. It’s the scientific study of the smallest particles in the universe, the building steps of matter and light at a scale that is remarkable and, truth be told, mind-boggling. This universe, which deviates significantly from the reality we perceive, might initially seem overwhelmingly complex to beginners. When the veil is lifted, however, we find an intricate, beautiful interplay of theories that deepens our understanding of the world.

But, why is such an understanding important?

Albert Einstein once stated, “One cannot help but be in awe when he contemplates the mysteries of eternity, of life, of the marvelous structure of reality.” Despite its counterintuitive principles, quantum physics may hold answers to some of the biggest questions regarding the nature of our universe.

Let’s embark on an exploration into the mysterious realms of quantum physics. Our goal? To make this ostensibly intricate subject easier to grasp for beginners.

**Wave-Particle Duality**

One of the core principles of quantum physics is wave-particle duality. This principle establishes that every particle can also be described as a wave. Think about light. As per classical physics, light behaves like a wave, which explains phenomena like reflection and diffraction. However, in 1905, Albert Einstein explained another phenomenon called photoelectric effect where light behaves like a particle. Therefore, light, like other quantum entities, exhibits a behavior which is both wave-like and particle-like.

**Uncertainty Principle**

An exciting and perhaps most strange facet of quantum physics is Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. Simply put, it’s impossible to simultaneously know both the exact position and momentum of a particle. Furthermore, the act of measuring one of these quantities can in fact change or “disturb” the other. It can be quite a counterintuitive concept. In essence, it elucidates the fact that there exists a fundamental limit to what we can know about the nature of quantum particles.

**Superposition and Quantum Entanglement**

Another fascinating principle in quantum physics is Superposition. Extend your thoughts to the famous thought experiment of Schrodinger’s Cat, where the cat can simultaneously be in two states – dead and alive – till observed. Sounds eccentric, right? This is a drastic departure from the classical physical laws to which we are accustomed.

Entangled particles, another crucial cornerstone of quantum mechanics, maintain their correlation no matter how far apart they are. If you observe one, you instantly know the state of the other, even if it’s light-years away! Scientists refer to this as “quantum entanglement”, a phenomenon so peculiar that Einstein himself referred it as “spooky action at a distance.”

Quantum physics presents a radically different world view that challenges our perceptions of reality. However strange it may seem, this domain of physics forms the basis for many of our technological advancements, like Quantum Computing and MRI Scanners. Thus, understanding quantum physics’ principles is crucial, not just for science aficionados, but for anyone interested in the mechanisms that govern our universe.

Like every other field of study, quantum physics needs time, patience, and a measure of open-mindedness for full appreciation. There are many more concepts to understand, such as quantum tunneling, quantum field theory, and more. But hopefully, this beginner’s guide provides a good foundation as you continue on your journey of exploring the mysteries of quantum physics. Remember, the world is full of magic things, patiently waiting for our sense to grow sharper.