Photography and videography are powerful ways to express your creativity and capture moments in stunning detail. Whether you’re a seasoned professional or new to the game, we’ve compiled a list of the top ten techniques to elevate your skills. By mastering these, you’ll create breathtaking visuals that can charm the audience and tell impactful stories.

1. **The Rule of Thirds**: This is a fundamental principle in photography & videography. The rule is applying a grid of two horizontal and two vertical lines while framing a shot. Aim to place the subject and other essential elements along these lines or at their intersections to create more balanced and engaging photos and videos.

2. **Depth of Field**: By controlling your camera’s aperture, you can manipulate the depth of field. A shallow depth (low f-stop numbers like f1.4 or f2) focuses the attention on a specific point and blurs the background, while a more significant depth keeps everything from near to far focused.

3. **Lighting**: Great lighting is key to an effective photo or video. Natural light can bring a photo to life, but artificial light, when used correctly, can enhance the drama and mood. Learn how to shape and control the light for desired effects.

4. **Experiment with Angles**: Why be ordinary when you can be exceptional? Avoid settling for eye-level, straight on shots. Experiment with different angles to add depth, dimension, and intrigue to your visuals.

5. **Composition**: This relates to the arrangement of visual elements within your frame. By arranging elements according to different composition rules like leading lines, golden ratio, or symmetry, you can create a well-structured, eye-catching narrative.

6. **Use of Motions and Movements**: In videos, motions can lend dramatic flair. A simple pan, tilt, or dolly can amplify the emotion, while more complex movements such as a tracking shot can add more layers to your storytelling.

7. **Post-Processing**: Often overlooked, this is an essential part of the creative process. Post-processing involves enhancing your shots through color correcting, retouching, or even adding special effects. This can be achieved with software like Adobe Photoshop or Lightroom for photos, and Adobe Premiere Pro or Final Cut Pro for videos.

8. **Timing**: The essence of both a great photograph and video lies in capturing the ‘decisive moment.’ Patience and observation, combined with a firm grasp on your camera’s capabilities go a long way, whether it’s getting the perfect shot of a fleeting expression or hitting that magic, golden hour light.

9. **Telling a Story**: Both photography and videography are about telling stories. Use your shots to tell a narrative or communicate an emotion. Think not only about individual images or sequences, but how the collected work comes together to form a coherent story.

10. **Practice & Innovation**: Finally, remain dedicated to your craft. Gain knowledge, experiment, take risks and continually learn from your mistakes. As with any art form, progress comes with practice and innovation. Strive to bring something new and personal to your work.

Mastering photography and videography isn’t about buying the most expensive equipment but learning to use what you have to translate your vision into a visible format. By incorporating these top ten techniques into your work, you’ll be well on your way to capturing truly spectacular images and footage, filled with depth, emotion and creativity.