Quantum physics, the mind-boggling branch of science that explores the peculiarities of atomic and subatomic particles, provides an intricate picture of the universe – one not easily grasped using the tools of macroscopic, everyday observations. This field, with its remarkable counterintuitive principles, defies our perceptive understanding, yet, it continues to emerge as the frontier of modern scientific discovery.

This article seeks to shed light on some of the latest breakthroughs in quantum physics. These fascinating discoveries have expanded our understanding of the universe and raised more intriguing questions in the process.

1. Quantum Supremacy Demonstrated by Google’s Quantum Computer:

“Quantum supremacy” refers to the ability of quantum computers to perform tasks that classical computers cannot. Google’s quantum computer, named Sycamore, announced in 2019, successfully achieved this supremacy. It solved an extremely complex problem in just over three minutes – a problem that would have taken the world’s most advanced supercomputers over 10,000 years to solve. This phenomenon displayed the boundless potential in the field of quantum computation, spelling a significant step towards a future of unprecedented computing power.

2. Time-Reversed Entanglement:

In 2020, a team of physicists proposed a mind-warping concept termed ‘time-reversed entanglement’. In simple terms, this principle suggests that a set of quantum-entangled particles can remain connected, regardless of their separation in time, not just space. This breakthrough is an innovative contribution to the concept of quantum entanglement, expanding its traditionally understood constraints.

3. Difference Between Matter and Anti-matter:

Another fascinating development maps the discovery that, under certain conditions, matter behaves differently than anti-matter when both are affected by quantum fluctuations. This profound finding, made by researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory in 2021, may help explain why our universe is composed mostly of matter, which has remained a puzzling question for physicists.

4. Quantum Teleportation Across A Metro Network:

The phenomenon of quantum teleportation – the transfer of quantum information from one location to another – was taken to an impressive new level in 2020. Scientists at Caltech successfully teleported qubits (the basic unit of quantum information) across a 44 kilometers fiber optic network with 90% accuracy rate, setting a new record. This breakthrough holds immense potential for the development of a quantum internet, a network harnessing the power of quantum mechanics.

5. Advances in Quantum Gravity:

Lastly, an important step was made towards resolving the problem of Quantum Gravity in 2020, by researchers at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. By implicating quantum information theory, they managed to derive the laws of Newton’s gravity and hinted at a plausible route to reconcile quantum mechanics with gravity, an elusive quest in physics.

To conclude, these pioneering discoveries merely scratch the surface of the vast and puzzling world of quantum physics. Each breakthrough holds promising implications, from powerful quantum computers, revolutionary communication systems to unprecedented comprehension of the universe around us. While the field of quantum physics remains dense with mysteries, each innovative breakthrough propels us towards an exciting era of technology and scientific understanding. One thing is certain – the quantum world continues to surprise, astound, and push the boundaries of what we believe is possible.